Anal Fistula Treatment in Delhi

Anal Fistula Treatment in Delhi

What is Anal Fistula?

An anal fistula is a medical term for a small tunnel that forms between the skin around the anus and the muscular opening at the end of the bowel or digestive tract. It occurs as a result of the infection around the anus, causing an abscess (pus) in nearby tissues.

Most anal fistulas develop abscess that further drains spontaneously or through a surgical technique from the skin near the anus. When the pus is drained, it leaves a small channel behind it.

Anal fistulas can lead to some unpleasant symptoms, such as skin irritation and discomfort. These are usually treated with surgery.

Signs and Symptoms of Anal Fistula

Following are some common symptoms of anal fistula:

  • Skin irritation around or near the anus.
  • Persistent and throbbing pain, which worsens as you sit down, pass stool, cough, or move around.
  • Smelly discharge from the anus.
  • Passing pus while passing stool.
  • Inflammation and redness around the anus, as well as fever (high temperature) when you have got an abscess.
  • Difficulty to control bowel movements in some cases.

You might even notice symptoms such as:

  • Bleeding while passing stool.
  • Painful urination or bowel movements.
  • A foul-smelling fluid discharge oozed from the anal hole.

The end of the fistula may be visible in the form of a hole near the skin around the anus, but it is difficult to see it yourself.

If you notice or experience any of these signs or symptoms lately, you must seek medical help immediately. Do consult an experienced specialist to get the best treatment to cure this condition.

Types of Anal Fistula

The different types of anal fistulas are categorized as per their location, such as:

Intersphincteric fistula: In this type, the tract starts within the space between the external and internal sphincter muscles, as well as open near the anal opening.

Transphincteric fistula: The tract starts within the space between external and internal sphincter muscles or behind the anus. It further crosses through the external sphincter and further opens outside the anal opening.

Fistula: In this type, the tract starts in a space between internal and external sphincter muscles. It then turns upward to a position just above the puborectalis muscle to cross this muscle. It also extends downward between the levator ani and puborectalis muscle and then opens outside the anus.

Extrasphincteric fistula: In this type, the tract starts at the sigmoid colon or rectum and then extends downward. It passes via the levator ani muscle to open a few inches near the anus.

Best Options for Anal Fistula Treatment in Delhi

The treatment also depends on the location of the fistula. Here are some common treatment options:

Fistulotomy: In this treatment the surgeon probes to look for the internal opening of the fistula. After that, the tract is cut open and all the contents are scraped and flushed out for opening the fistula.

Advancement Rectal Flap: The surgeon will core out the tract to cut a flap in the rectal wall for removing the fistula’s internal opening for drainage. for creating scar tissue near the sphincter muscle before cutting it through a knife. It also aids drainage of the fistula, besides opening and closing the fistula tract.

Collagen plug or Fibrin Glue: In many cases, the fibrin glue (made from plasma protein) can be used for sealing and healing the fistula. The glue is injected via an external opening to clear the tract. A collagen plug can also be used for sealing and closing the fistula tract.

Anal Fistula Treatment Center in Delhi

SCI Hospital’s trained and experienced medical specialists are known for treating many cases of colon and rectal issues, gastroenterology, and other infectious disease, including fistula. Our experts work together to treat and evaluate the procedures needed for curing an anal fistula.

If a patient is suffering from an anal fistula or another medical condition, SCI Healthcare specialists will collaborate with their primary care doctor for creating the best treatment schedule.

Having all the expertise under one roof means that patient care is discussed carefully. Furthermore, the results are provided quickly, as well as the appointments are scheduled timely in coordination with our highly specialized experts.

Best Fistula Surgery Doctors in Delhi

SCI Hospital’s surgeons and experts have extensive experience in treating over 700 cases of anal fistula every year. Our specialists make use of advanced imaging technology for tracing the pathways of anal fistulas. Some of the latest equipment or tools used by our experts include MRI, endoscopic ultrasound, and flexible sigmoidoscopy.

Dr. Naveen Gambhir

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Dr. Arvind Kumar

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Frequently Asked Questions About Fistula Surgery

To cure a fistula, tighter setons may be used to cut through the fistula slowly.

Common complications associated with fistula surgery include bleeding, infection, and adverse reactions to anesthesia. Specific complications include losing control of the bowel and taking a long time for the wound to heal.

Fistula can cause a lot of discomforts, and if left untreated may cause various serious complications. Some fistulas can cause bacterial infection, sepsis, a dangerous condition that can lead to low pressure, organ damage, or even damage.

A fistula in the legs can cause blood clots to form. Leg blood clots may lead to a condition known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) which can be life-threatening if the clot travels to the lungs. A fistula can also lead to a stroke.

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