Everything You Need To Know About Enlarged Prostate

Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatments for an enlarged prostate

As we grow older, our bodies go through various changes, and unfortunately, one of the serious conditions that can arise as aging is an enlarged prostate. This condition significantly impacts both the reproductive system and sexual health. The prostate is a gland that surrounds the urethra and naturally expands with age. This growth impacts the urethra and bladder, leading to urinary symptoms. The chances of developing an enlarged prostate increase after the age of forty, and the risk also rises as the males get older. This blog will help you understand this condition, from the causes of an enlarged prostate to its treatment options.

What is the Prostate Gland?

The prostate gland is a small organ, approximately similar to a walnut in size situated below a man's bladder. It plays a crucial role in sexual health by generating seminal fluid, which nourishes and transports sperm.

What is Enlarged Prostate?

The prostate is a gland that produces some of the fluid that carries sperm when a man ejaculates. The urethra is the tube through which urine leaves the body, and the prostate gland wraps around it. As men age, nearly all of them undergo prostate enlargement resulting in what is commonly known as a swollen prostate. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is another term for an enlarged prostate.

Causes of Enlarged Prostate

  • Age-related hormone changes, especially DHT elevation, cause prostate growth.
  • Family history and genetics play a role, with a higher risk if close relatives have experienced prostate enlargement.
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia may result from chronic prostate inflammation.
  • Estrogen and testosterone abnormalities may cause enlarged prostates.
  • Sedentary lifestyles and obesity raise prostate enlargement risk.
  • Diabetes and insulin resistance may influence prostate growth.
  • Smoking and environmental pollutants may increase prostate enlargement risk.

Understanding the Causes of Enlarged Prostate is necessary to prevent this condition.

Signs Of Enlarged Prostate

  • Increased frequency of urination, especially at night
  • Weak or interrupted urine stream.
  • Difficulty initiating or maintaining urination.
  • Urgency to urinate.
  • The feeling of incomplete bladder emptying.
  • Straining during urination.
  • Dribbling at the end of urination.
  • Pain or discomfort while urinating.
  • Blood in the urine or semen.
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections or difficulty controlling urine flow.

Recognizing these early signs of an enlarged prostate is really important to detect the condition and get the best treatment at the right time.

Diagnosis for Enlarged Prostate

Medical History and Physical Examination: Doctors usually start this process of diagnosis by checking your medical history, including Signs Of Enlarged Prostate, lifestyle, and any medications you may be taking. In physical examination, Doctors might use a digital rectal exam(DRE) to understand the size of the prostate gland.

Symptom Assessment: The doctor will ask about signs of enlarged prostate, including frequent urination, urgency, weak urine stream, and trouble beginning or stopping.

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: An increased PSA level may suggest a prostate problem, but it does not diagnose BPH. PSA elevations may also indicate prostate cancer.

Post-Void Residual Measurement: This test determines whether the bladder is emptying by measuring the pee remains after urinating.

Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS): Transrectal ultrasounds may yield comprehensive prostate imaging. This may rule out prostate cancer.

Cystoscopy: Certain circumstances may need a cystoscopy. A thin, flexible tube with a camera is placed into the urethra to see the prostate and bladder.

Urodynamic Tests: Testing the bladder and urethra for urine storage and release may reveal bladder functioning.

Also Check: Prostate Cancer Treatment in Gurgaon

Treatment for Enlarged Prostate

Consult with a Specialist:

Meet with a urologist or healthcare professional. This consultation will allow you to discuss the signs of enlarged prostate and choose the best prostate enlargement treatment.

Medication Guidance:

Follow your healthcare provider's advice on prescribed medications, which are designed to manage signs of enlarged prostate, like difficulty urinating and frequent urges.

Adopt Healthy Habits:

Make lifestyle adjustments such as limiting caffeine and alcohol intake, especially in the evening. Maintain a healthy weight through regular exercise, and consider avoiding large fluid intake close to bedtime to minimize nighttime bathroom visits.

Explore Minimally Invasive Options:

In cases where medication alone isn't sufficient, discuss minimally invasive procedures like TUMT or TURA with your doctor. These procedures use heat to reduce prostate size and can be effective in alleviating symptoms.

Regular Monitoring:

If symptoms are mild, your healthcare provider may recommend watchful waiting. This means keeping an eye on the signs on a daily basis without acting right away. It allows for careful assessment and timely treatment if symptoms worsen over time.

Risks of Having an Enlarged Prostate

An enlarged prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), can pose various risks to men's health. These may include urinary problems, such as difficulty in urination, frequent urges, and a weakened stream. If this condition is left untreated, then BPH can lead to complications, impacting overall well-being and quality of life. Regular check-ups and early intervention are crucial.


Understanding the nuances of an enlarged prostate is crucial for men's health. From symptoms and risk factors to diagnosis and treatment, this information allows people to make health choices. Regular medical check-ups and open communication with healthcare professionals play pivotal roles in managing this common condition effectively.

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